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GLOBAL QUALITY OF LIVING CITY RANKINGS 2007

Key Findings

  • Dublin ranks 3rd  in Europe and 20th  in the world for health and sanitation

  • Calgary scores highest for health and sanitation; Baku in Azerbaijan scores lowest

  • Zurich scores highest for overall quality of living; Baghdad ranks lowest

The tower clock of St. Peter's church in Zurich, has Europe's largest clock dial
The 2007 Worldwide Quality of Living Survey by Mercer Human Resource Consulting has found that four of the world’s five top-scoring cities for health and sanitation are in North America.  Calgary ranks top with a score of 131.7, followed by Honolulu, which scores 130.3.   Helsinki – the only European city in the top five – follows closely in the rankings with a score of 128.5.  Ottawa and Minneapolis take fourth and fifth places with scores of 127.2 and 125.7 respectively.

Scores are based on the quality and availability of hospital and medical supplies and levels of air pollution and infectious diseases.  The efficiency of waste removal and sewage systems, water potability and the presence of harmful animals and insects are also taken into account.   

Cities are ranked against New York as the base city which has an index score of 100.  The analysis is part of Mercer’s Worldwide Quality of Living Survey, covering 215 cities, which is conducted to help governments and major companies to place employees on international assignments. 

“Companies managing a global workforce must take into account a range of factors when structuring remuneration packages for their expatriate employees,” said Yvonne Sonsino, principal at Mercer.  “Organisations can struggle to find suitably qualified local staff when operating overseas and so rely on benchmark data to ensure the rewards they offer encourage employees with transferable skills to accept international assignments.”

The lowest-ranking city for health and sanitation is Baku in Azerbaijan, which scores just 27.6.  Other low-scoring cities include Dhaka in Bangladesh, Antananarivo in Madagascar and Port Au Prince in Haiti, which score 29.6, 30.1 and 34 respectively. 

“Poor countries often lack adequate medical infrastructure including hospitals and health networks.  Furthermore, provision of care is hampered by poor sanitation and unsafe water facilities in many areas,” said Slagin Parakatil, senior researcher at Mercer “The development of efficient waste removal and sewage systems, coupled with government investment in medical infrastructure, will be key to avoiding pandemic outbreaks of diseases and for improving general living standards.” 

Europe, Middle East and Africa

Almost half of the 30 top-scoring cities surveyed are in Western Europe.  Helsinki has the highest score for the region, at position 3 with a rating of 128.5.   Dublin is ranked 3rd in Europe for health and sanitation and 20th in the world  with a score of 122.9, comparing very favourably to closest neighbour London, which is ranked 63rd  in the world with a score of 111.2.

Irene Goldrick, Head of Marketing for Mercer in Ireland noted: “The survey results are very encouraging. Dublin remains in the top percentile of the world’s most leading cities to work and live in ranking 8th in Europe and 27th in the world for overall quality of living”.

Most Eastern European cities have relatively low scores, except for Prague in the Czech Republic which scores highest, at position 75 with a score of 101.3.  Russian cities have the poorest scores in this area.  Moscow, St Petersburg, Novosibirsk and Kazan take positions 201,184, 182 and 174 respectively with ratings of 43.4, 50.5, 51.1 and 54. 

Abu Dhabi and Dubai are the highest-ranking Middle Eastern cities and share position 58 with a score of 112.9.  African cities typically rank in lower positions than their European and Middle Eastern counterparts, with many appearing in the 20 bottom-scoring cities.

“The availability of public and private hospital care, together with modern medical infrastructure, means healthcare standards in Europe are generally very high.  Medical provision in the Middle East, especially the United Arab Emirates, has also benefited from substantial government investment,” said Parakatil.  “In impoverished countries - where medical care and sanitation are often poor - it can be advisable for expatriates to seek private treatment.”    

Americas

All of the Canadian cities covered by the survey appear in the top 25 rankings for health and sanitation.  Calgary is followed by Ottawa in position 4 with a score of 127.2.  Montreal and Vancouver both rank in 10th place (score 123.7).  Toronto is at position 21 with a rating of 122.4.   

In the US, Honolulu ranks highest followed by Minneapolis in 5th place scoring 25.7.  Boston, Lexington and Pittsburgh rank joint 10th with a score of 123.7.  Mexico City scores poorly at position 211 with a rating of 37.7; geographical issues and a high level of air pollution explain this low ranking.  Other low-scoring cities in North America are Atlanta and Houston, in positions 96 and 103 respectively with scores of 92.3 and 85.2.  

Parakatil said: “Growing traffic congestion, industrial plants and other pollutants reduce air quality in some American cities, which may undermine the otherwise pleasant living standards.”

Cities in Central and South America tend to feature much lower in the rankings than those in North America.  San Juan in Puerto Rico ranks highest in 67th place (score 108.9).  Port Au Prince is the lowest-ranking city in the region, in position 212 with an index of 34.

Asia-Pacific

Auckland and Wellington in New Zealand rank in joint 18th place, with a rating of 123.1.  All the Australian cities covered by the survey rank higher than New York, the base city.  Adelaide is the highest-scoring city in Australia at position 35 (score 119.5) while Sydney is the lowest in 62nd place (score 111.3).

Japan is home to the five highest-rated cities in Asia.  Katsuyama leads in 9th position with a score of 123.8, followed by Kobe and Omuta in joint 25th place (score 122).  Tokyo, Nagoya and Osaka come in joint 53rd place and score 113.5. 

Elsewhere in this region, Singapore ranks in 50th place with a score of 114, while Hong Kong is at position 117 and scores 80.8.   Shanghai and Beijing are China’s highest and lowest-ranking cities in 134th and 166th place respectively (scoring 73.8 and 60.3).  Modernisation of medical infrastructure has improved living standards in these Chinese cities.  However, air pollution and inadequate waste removal and sewage systems are still a concern – particularly in Beijing.   

Indian cities score relatively poorly for health and sanitation, with scores ranging from 52.8 for Chennai (position 177) to 38.2 for Mumbai (position 209).  Most Indian cities are densely populated with poor waste removal and sewage systems.  These issues, combined with increasing air pollution, contribute to their relatively low ratings.

“Expatriates on assignment in some locations - for example Africa, the Middle East and some parts of Asia, Europe and Latin America - can face harsher living conditions and lower standards of medical care and facilities than they are accustomed to,” commented Parakatil.  “The threat of infectious diseases and environmental risks are very real in some cities and should be taken into account. Migration and mobility can exacerbate the transmission of diseases, and this should be a top concern for employers managing international assignments.”

Rankings for overall quality of living

Mercer’s overall ranking for quality of living has revealed that Zurich again ranks as the world’s top city, with a rating of 108.1.  The city narrowly out-ranks Geneva, which scores 108.  Vancouver and Vienna follow in joint third place and score 107.7.    

Cities in Europe and Australia continue to dominate the top end of the rankings for overall quality of living.  Auckland and Düsseldorf share joint fifth place and score 107.3 points.  Frankfurt and Munich follow with scores of 107.1 and 106.9 respectively.  Bern and Sydney both score 106.5 points and share joint 9th place. 

The analysis is based on an evaluation of 39 quality of living criteria for each city including political, social, economic and environmental factors, personal safety and health, education, transport and other public services. 

Baghdad remains the world’s least enticing city for expatriates with a score of 14.5.  Other low-scoring cities for overall quality of living include Brazzaville in Congo (29.5), Bangui in the Central African Republic (30.6) and Khartoum in Sudan (31). 

Parakatil concluded: “In recent years, the gap between low-ranking and high-ranking cities has widened.  While standards have improved in some regions, there remains a stark contrast between those cities where overall quality of living is good and those experiencing political and economic turmoil.”

Mercer’s study is based on detailed assessments and evaluations of 39 key quality of living determinants, grouped in the following categories:

Political and social environment (political stability, crime, law enforcement, etc)

Economic environment (currency exchange regulations, banking services, etc)

 

Socio-cultural environment (censorship, limitations on personal freedom, etc)

 

Health and sanitation (medical supplies and services, infectious diseases, sewage, waste disposal, air pollution, etc)

 

Schools and education (standard and availability of international schools, etc)

 

Public services and transportation (electricity, water, public transport, traffic congestion, etc)

 

Recreation (restaurants, theatres, cinemas, sports and leisure, etc)

 

Consumer goods (availability of food/daily consumption items, cars, etc)

 

Housing (housing, household appliances, furniture, maintenance services, etc)

 

Natural environment (climate, record of natural disasters)

 

EU capital city rankings for health and sanitation*

 

EU ranking

Worldwide ranking

City

Index

1

3

HELSINKI, Finland

128.5

2

6

STOCKHOLM, Sweden

125

3

20

DUBLIN, Ireland

122.9

4

21

AMSTERDAM, Netherlands

122.4

5

24

COPENHAGEN, Denmark

122.2

6

28

LUXEMBOURG, Luxembourg

120.9

7

28

VIENNA, Austria

120.9

8

36

BRUSSELS, Belgium

118.4

9

45

BERLIN, Germany

117.1

10

56

MADRID, Spain

113.2

11

60

PARIS, France

112.6

12

63

LONDON, UK

111.2

13

69

LISBON, Portugal

106.5

14

71

ROME, Italy

104.4

15

75

PRAGUE, Czech Republic

101.3

16

82

LIMASSOL, Cyprus

98.6

17

85

LJUBLJANA, Slovenia

97.2

18

86

BUDAPEST, Hungary

97.1

19

91

VILNIUS, Lithuania

93.7

20

92

TALLINN, Estonia

93.1

21

98

RIGA, Latvia

89.1

22

100

WARSAW, Poland

86.3

23

105

SOFIA, Bulgaria

85

24

106

BRATISLAVA, Slovakia

84.8

25

138

ATHENS, Greece

72.7

26

141

BUCHAREST, Romania

69.9

 

* Hospital Services; Medical Supplies; Infectious Diseases; Water Potability; Troublesome and destructive animals/insects; Waste Removal; Sewage and Air Pollution

No data available for Malta

New York = 100. 

EU capital city rankings for overall quality of living

 

EU ranking

Worldwide ranking

City

Index

1

3 (4)

VIENNA, Austria

107.7 (107.5)

2

11 (11)

COPENHAGEN, Denmark

106.2 (106.2)

3

13(13)

AMSTERDAM, Netherlands

105.7 (105.7)

4

14 (14)

BRUSSELS, Belgium

105.6 (105.6)

5

16 (16)

BERLIN, Germany

105.2 (105.1)

6

18 (18)

LUXEMBOURG, Luxembourg

104.8 (104.8)

7

20 (20)

STOCKHOLM, Sweden

104.7 (104.7)

8

27 (24)

DUBLIN, Ireland

103.3 (103.8)

9

30 (29)

HELSINKI, Finland

103.1 (103.1)

10

33 (33)

PARIS, France

102.7 (102.7)

11

39 (39)

LONDON, UK

101.2 (101.2)

12

42 (45)

MADRID, Spain

100.5 (100.1)

13

47 (53)

LISBON, Portugal

100.1 (98.9)

14

61 (62)

ROME, Italy

97.4 (97.4)

15

72 (73)

PRAGUE, Czech Republic

92.3 (91.8)

16

74 (74)

BUDAPEST, Hungary

90.2 (90.8)

17

78 (79)

ATHENS, Greece

87.6 (86.8)

18

80 (80)

LJUBLJANA, Slovenia

87.0 (86.6)

19

82 (84)

VILNIUS, Lithuania

86.6 (85.9)

20

85 (86)

WARSAW, Poland

85.7 (85.1)

21

89 (91)

TALLINN, Estonia

83.7 (82.8)

22

91 (88)

LIMASSOL, Cyprus

83.2 (83.2)

23

92 (98)

RIGA, Latvia

82.9 (81.9)

24

99 (102)

BRATISLAVA, Slovakia

81.7 (80.5)

25

108 (111)

BUCHAREST, Romania

   76.9 (76.2)

26

116 (118)

SOFIA, Bulgaria

74.3 (73.8)

 Figures in brackets are from last year’s survey 

Full city rankings for health and sanitation

 

Rank 2007

 

City

 

Country

 

Index 2007

1

 

CALGARY

 

Canada

 

131.7

2

 

HONOLULU, HI

 

United States

 

130.3

3

 

HELSINKI

 

Finland

 

128.5

4

 

OTTAWA

 

Canada

 

127.2

5

 

MINNEAPOLIS, MN

 

United States

 

125.7

6

 

OSLO

 

Norway

 

125

6

 

STOCKHOLM

 

Sweden

 

125

6

 

ZURICH

 

Switzerland

 

125

9

 

KATSUYAMA

 

Japan

 

123.8

10

 

BERN

 

Switzerland

 

123.7

10

 

BOSTON, MA

 

United States

 

123.7

10

 

GENEVA

 

Switzerland

 

123.7

10

 

LEXINGTON, KY

 

United States

 

123.7

10

 

MONTREAL

 

Canada

 

123.7

10

 

NURNBERG

 

Germany

 

123.7

10

 

PITTSBURGH, PA

 

United States

 

123.7

10

 

VANCOUVER

 

Canada

 

123.7

18

 

AUCKLAND

 

New Zealand

 

123.1

18

 

WELLINGTON

 

New Zealand

 

123.1

20

 

DUBLIN

 

Ireland

 

122.9

21

 

AMSTERDAM

 

The Netherlands

 

122.4

21

 

TORONTO

 

Canada

 

122.4

23

 

LYON

 

France

 

122.3

24

 

COPENHAGEN

 

Denmark

 

122.2

25

 

KOBE

 

Japan

 

122

25

 

OMUTA

 

Japan

 

122

27

 

WASHINGTON, DC

 

United States

 

121

28

 

DUSSELDORF

 

Germany

 

120.9

28

 

FRANKFURT

 

Germany

 

120.9

28

 

LUXEMBOURG

 

Luxembourg

 

120.9

28

 

MUNICH

 

Germany

 

120.9

28

 

VIENNA

 

Austria

 

120.9

33

 

TSUKUBA

 

Japan

 

120.4

34

 

PORTLAND, OR

 

United States

 

119.7

35

 

ADELAIDE

 

Australia

 

119.5

36

 

BRUSSELS

 

Belgium

 

118.4

37

 

CLEVELAND, OH

 

United States

 

118.3

37

 

HAMBURG

 

Germany

 

118.3

37

 

SAN FRANCISCO, CA

 

United States

 

118.3

37

 

ST. LOUIS, MO

 

United States

 

118.3

37

 

WINSTON SALEM, NC

 

United States

 

118.3

42

 

YOKOHAMA

 

Japan

 

118.1

43

 

MELBOURNE

 

Australia

 

117.4

43

 

PERTH

 

Australia

 

117.4

45

 

BERLIN

 

Germany

 

117.1

46

 

YOKKAICHI

 

Japan

 

116.5

47

 

BRISBANE

 

Australia

 

116.2

48

 

GLASGOW

 

United Kingdom

 

115.7

49

 

SEATTLE, WA

 

United States

 

115.1

50

 

SINGAPORE

 

Singapore

 

114

51

 

DETROIT, MI

 

United States

 

113.7

51

 

MIAMI, FL

 

United States

 

113.7

53

 

NAGOYA

 

Japan

 

113.5

53

 

OSAKA

 

Japan

 

113.5

53

 

TOKYO

 

Japan

 

113.5

56

 

BARCELONA

 

Spain

 

113.2

56

 

MADRID

 

Spain

 

113.2

58

 

ABU DHABI

 

United Arab Emirates

 

112.9

58

 

DUBAI

 

United Arab Emirates

 

112.9

60

 

PARIS

 

France

 

112.6

61

 

LEIPZIG

 

Germany

 

112.5

62

 

SYDNEY

 

Australia

 

111.3

63

 

LONDON

 

United Kingdom

 

111.2

64

 

CAPE TOWN

 

South Africa

 

110.9

65

 

PORT ELIZABETH

 

South Africa

 

110.5

66

 

BIRMINGHAM

 

United Kingdom

 

110

67

 

SAN JUAN

 

Puerto Rico

 

108.9

68

 

CHICAGO, IL

 

United States

 

107.3

69

 

LISBON

 

Portugal

 

106.5

70

 

JOHANNESBURG

 

South Africa

 

106.1

71

 

ROME

 

Italy

 

104.4

72

 

MILAN

 

Italy

 

103.4

73

 

JERUSALEM

 

Israel

 

103.2

74

 

VICTORIA

 

Seychelles

 

101.9

75

 

PRAGUE

 

Czech Republic

 

101.3

76

 

NOUMEA

 

New Caledonia

 

101

77

 

NEW YORK CITY, NY

 

United States

 

100

78

 

BUENOS AIRES

 

Argentina

 

99.9

78

 

TUNIS

 

Tunisia

 

99.9

80

 

MONTEVIDEO

 

Uruguay

 

99.6

81

 

PANAMA CITY

 

Panama

 

98.8

82

 

LIMASSOL

 

Cyprus

 

98.6

83

 

PORT LOUIS

 

Mauritius

 

98.3

84

 

TEL AVIV

 

Israel

 

97.5

85

 

LJUBLJANA

 

Slovenia

 

97.2

86

 

BUDAPEST

 

Hungary

 

97.1

87

 

MANAMA

 

Bahrain

 

96.9

88

 

PAPEETE

 

French Polynesia

 

95.3

89

 

LOS ANGELES, CA

 

United States

 

94.5

90

 

KUWAIT CITY

 

Kuwait

 

94

91

 

VILNIUS

 

Lithuania

 

93.7

92

 

TALLINN

 

Estonia

 

93.1

93

 

AMMAN

 

Jordan

 

93

93

 

ISTANBUL

 

Turkey

 

93

95

 

SEOUL

 

South Korea

 

92.7

96

 

ATLANTA, GA

 

United States

 

92.3

97

 

KUALA LUMPUR

 

Malaysia

 

91.8

98

 

RIGA

 

Latvia

 

89.1

99

 

ZAGREB

 

Croatia

 

87.6

100

 

WARSAW

 

Poland

 

86.3

101

 

ASUNCION

 

Paraguay

 

86

102

 

NASSAU

 

Bahamas

 

85.6

103

 

HOUSTON, TX

 

United States

 

85.2

104

 

SAN JOSE

 

Costa Rica

 

85.1

105

 

SOFIA

 

Bulgaria

 

85

106

 

BRATISLAVA

 

Slovakia

 

84.8

107

 

KINGSTON

 

Jamaica

 

84.3

108

 

JOHOR BAHARU

 

Malaysia

 

84.1

109

 

MEDELLIN

 

Colombia

 

84

110

 

TAIPEI

 

Taiwan

 

83.7

111

 

RIYADH

 

Saudi Arabia

 

83.1

112

 

YEOCHUN (YOSU)

 

South Korea

 

82.3

113

 

LA PAZ

 

Bolivia

 

81.8

114

 

BLANTYRE

 

Malawi

 

81.7

114

 

JEDDAH

 

Saudi Arabia

 

81.7

116

 

CASABLANCA

 

Morocco

 

81.6

117

 

HONG KONG

 

Hong Kong

 

80.8

118

 

BRASILIA

 

Brazil

 

80.3

119

 

SARAJEVO

 

Bosnia-Herzegovina

 

79.9

120

 

KAOHSIUNG

 

Taiwan

 

79.8

121

 

BOGOTA

 

Colombia

 

78.8

122

 

RIO DE JANEIRO

 

Brazil

 

78.5

123

 

DAMASCUS

 

Syria

 

78.4

124

 

LIMA

 

Peru

 

77.8

125

 

GUAYAQUIL

 

Ecuador

 

77.7

126

 

GUATEMALA CITY

 

Guatemala

 

76.9

126

 

SKOPJE

 

Macedonia

 

76.9

128

 

ISLAMABAD

 

Pakistan

 

76.6

129

 

MANAUS

 

Brazil

 

76

130

 

LUSAKA

 

Zambia

 

75.4

131

 

COLOMBO

 

Sri Lanka

 

75.2

132

 

HARARE

 

Zimbabwe

 

74.1

133

 

SANTIAGO

 

Chile

 

74

134

 

SHANGHAI

 

China

 

73.8

135

 

SAO PAULO

 

Brazil

 

73.1

136

 

TRIPOLI

 

Libya

 

73

137

 

TIRANA

 

Albania

 

72.9

138

 

ATHENS

 

Greece

 

72.7

138

 

SANTA CRUZ

 

Bolivia

 

72.7

140

 

DAKAR

 

Senegal

 

72.3

141

 

BUCHAREST

 

Romania

 

69.9

142

 

MINSK

 

Belarus

 

69.3

143

 

LIBREVILLE

 

Gabon

 

69.1

144

 

ALGIERS

 

Algeria

 

68.5

144

 

ULSAN

 

South Korea

 

68.5

146

 

MONTERREY

 

Mexico

 

67.5

147

 

ABIDJAN

 

Ivory Coast

 

66.6

148

 

ACCRA

 

Ghana

 

66.5

148

 

HAVANA

 

Cuba

 

66.5

150

 

BELGRADE

 

Serbia

 

66.2

150

 

VIENTIANE

 

Laos, People's Dem. Republic Of

 

66.2

152

 

SANTO DOMINGO

 

Dominican Republic

 

65.5

153

 

LAHORE

 

Pakistan

 

65.3

154

 

GUANGZHOU

 

China

 

65.1

155

 

MANILA

 

Philippines

 

64.8

156

 

CAIRO

 

Egypt

 

64.1

157

 

YANGON

 

Myanmar

 

63.9

158

 

BEIRUT

 

Lebanon

 

63.3

159

 

MANAGUA

 

Nicaragua

 

63.2

160

 

NAIROBI

 

Kenya

 

62.3

161

 

NANJING

 

China

 

61.6

161

 

SHENYANG

 

China

 

61.6

163

 

JILIN

 

China

 

61.3

164

 

KARACHI

 

Pakistan

 

61.2

165

 

HO CHI MINH CITY

 

Vietnam

 

60.6

166

 

BEIJING

 

China

 

60.3

167

 

JAKARTA

 

Indonesia

 

59.4

168

 

BANGKOK

 

Thailand

 

59

168

 

HANOI

 

Vietnam

 

59

170

 

TEHRAN

 

Iran

 

58.4

171

 

QUITO

 

Ecuador

 

58.2

172

 

DJIBOUTI

 

Djibouti

 

56.2

173

 

SAN PEDRO SULA

 

Honduras

 

54.6

174

 

KAZAN

 

Russia

 

54

175

 

TASHKENT

 

Uzbekistan

 

53.6

176

 

RAYONG

 

Thailand

 

53

177

 

CHENNAI (MADRAS)

 

India

 

52.8

178

 

BANGALORE

 

India

 

52.5

179

 

COTONOU

 

Benin

 

51.3

179

 

DOUALA

 

Cameroon

 

51.3

179

 

YAOUNDE

 

Cameroon

 

51.3

182

 

NOVOSIBIRSK

 

Russia

 

51.1

183

 

CARACAS

 

Venezuela

 

51

184

 

ST. PETERSBURG

 

Russia

 

50.5

185

 

SAN SALVADOR

 

El Salvador

 

50

186

 

KIEV

 

Ukraine

 

49.1

186

 

SANAA

 

Yemen Arab Republic

 

49.1

188

 

LAGOS

 

Nigeria

 

48

189

 

KHARTOUM

 

Sudan

 

47.4

190

 

KINSHASA

 

Dem. Rep. Of The Congo

 

46.9

191

 

PORT HARCOURT

 

Nigeria

 

46.8

192

 

NEW DELHI

 

India

 

46.6

193

 

MAPUTO

 

Mozambique

 

46.3

194

 

LUANDA

 

Angola

 

45.2

195

 

NIAMEY

 

Niger

 

45

196

 

NOUAKCHOTT

 

Mauritania

 

44.7

197

 

CONAKRY

 

Guinea Republic

 

44.2

198

 

LOME

 

Togo

 

44.1

199

 

POINTE NOIRE

 

Congo

 

43.8

200

 

BAMAKO

 

Mali

 

43.7

201

 

MOSCOW

 

Russia

 

43.4

201

 

OUAGADOUGOU

 

Burkina Faso

 

43.4

203

 

BANGUI

 

Central African Republic

 

42.1

204

 

DAR ES SALAAM

 

Tanzania

 

40.4

205

 

NDJAMENA

 

Chad

 

39.7

206

 

ALMATY

 

Kazakhstan

 

39.1

206

 

BRAZZAVILLE

 

Congo

 

39.1

208

 

BAGHDAD

 

Iraq

 

39

209

 

MUMBAI

 

India

 

38.2

210

 

ADDIS ABABA

 

Ethiopia

 

37.9

211

 

MEXICO CITY

 

Mexico

 

37.7

212

 

PORT AU PRINCE

 

Haiti

 

34

213

 

ANTANANARIVO

 

Madagascar

 

30.1

214

 

DHAKA

 

Bangladesh

 

29.6

215

 

BAKU

 

Azerbaijan

 

27.6

 

Full city rankings for overall quality of living

 

Rank 2007

 

Rank 2006

 

City

 

Country

 

Index 2007

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

1

 

ZURICH

 

Switzerland

 

108.1

2

 

2

 

GENEVA

 

Switzerland

 

108.0

3

 

3

 

VANCOUVER

 

Canada

 

107.7

3

 

4

 

VIENNA

 

Austria

 

107.7

5

 

5

 

AUCKLAND

 

New Zealand

 

107.3

5

 

6

 

DUSSELDORF

 

Germany

 

107.3

7

 

7

 

FRANKFURT

 

Germany

 

107.1

8

 

8

 

MUNICH

 

Germany

 

106.9

9

 

9

 

BERN

 

Switzerland

 

106.5

9

 

9

 

SYDNEY

 

Australia

 

106.5

11

 

11

 

COPENHAGEN

 

Denmark

 

106.2

12

 

12

 

WELLINGTON

 

New Zealand

 

105.8

13

 

13

 

AMSTERDAM

 

The Netherlands

 

105.7

14

 

14

 

BRUSSELS

 

Belgium

 

105.6

15

 

15

 

TORONTO

 

Canada

 

105.4

16

 

16

 

BERLIN

 

Germany

 

105.2

17

 

17

 

MELBOURNE

 

Australia

 

105.0

18

 

18

 

LUXEMBOURG

 

Luxembourg

 

104.8

18

 

18

 

OTTAWA

 

Canada

 

104.8

20

 

20

 

STOCKHOLM

 

Sweden

 

104.7

21

 

21

 

PERTH

 

Australia

 

104.5

22

 

22

 

MONTREAL

 

Canada

 

104.3

23

 

23

 

NURNBERG

 

Germany

 

104.2

24

 

25

 

CALGARY

 

Canada

 

103.6

24

 

26

 

HAMBURG

 

Germany

 

103.6

26

 

31

 

OSLO

 

Norway

 

103.5

27

 

24

 

DUBLIN

 

Ireland

 

103.3

27

 

27

 

HONOLULU, HI

 

United States

 

103.3

29

 

28

 

SAN FRANCISCO, CA

 

United States

 

103.2

30

 

29

 

ADELAIDE

 

Australia

 

103.1

30

 

29

 

HELSINKI

 

Finland

 

103.1

32

 

31

 

BRISBANE

 

Australia

 

102.8

33

 

33

 

PARIS

 

France

 

102.7

34

 

34

 

SINGAPORE

 

Singapore

 

102.5

35

 

35

 

TOKYO

 

Japan

 

102.3

36

 

37

 

LYON

 

France

 

101.9

36

 

36

 

BOSTON, MA

 

United States

 

101.9

38

 

37

 

YOKOHAMA

 

Japan

 

101.7

39

 

39

 

LONDON

 

United Kingdom

 

101.2

40

 

40

 

KOBE

 

Japan

 

101.0

41

 

44

 

BARCELONA

 

Spain

 

100.6

42

 

45

 

MADRID

 

Spain

 

100.5

42

 

51

 

OSAKA

 

Japan

 

100.5

44

 

41

 

WASHINGTON, DC

 

United States

 

100.4

44

 

41

 

CHICAGO, IL

 

United States

 

100.4

46

 

43

 

PORTLAND, OR

 

United States

 

100.3

47

 

53

 

LISBON

 

Portugal

 

100.1

48

 

46

 

NEW YORK CITY, NY

 

United States

 

100.0

49

 

51

 

MILAN

 

Italy

 

99.9

49

 

47

 

SEATTLE, WA

 

United States

 

99.9

51

 

48

 

LEXINGTON, KY

 

United States

 

99.8

52

 

49

 

PITTSBURGH, PA

 

United States

 

99.7

52

 

49

 

WINSTON SALEM, NC

 

United States

 

99.7

54

 

53

 

NAGOYA

 

Japan

 

99.5

55

 

55

 

BIRMINGHAM

 

United Kingdom

 

98.3

55

 

55

 

TSUKUBA

 

Japan

 

98.3

55

 

55

 

GLASGOW

 

United Kingdom

 

98.3

55

 

55

 

LOS ANGELES, CA

 

United States

 

98.3

59

 

59

 

CLEVELAND, OH

 

United States

 

98.2

60

 

60

 

MINNEAPOLIS, MN

 

United States

 

97.9

61

 

62

 

ROME

 

Italy

 

97.4

62

 

63

 

MIAMI, FL

 

United States

 

96.3

63

 

64

 

YOKKAICHI

 

Japan

 

96.2

64

 

65

 

DETROIT, MI

 

United States

 

96.1

64

 

61

 

ST. LOUIS, MO

 

United States

 

96.1

66

 

66

 

ATLANTA, GA

 

United States

 

95.7

67

 

68

 

LEIPZIG

 

Germany

 

95.5

68

 

68

 

HOUSTON, TX

 

United States

 

95.4

69

 

67

 

OMUTA

 

Japan

 

94.9

70

 

68

 

HONG KONG

 

Hong Kong

 

94.3

71

 

72

 

SAN JUAN

 

Puerto Rico

 

92.9

72

 

73

 

PRAGUE

 

Czech Republic

 

92.3

73

 

71

 

KATSUYAMA

 

Japan

 

91.4

74

 

74

 

BUDAPEST

 

Hungary

 

90.2

75

 

75

 

KUALA LUMPUR

 

Malaysia

 

88.9

76

 

76

 

MONTEVIDEO

 

Uruguay

 

88.2

77

 

77

 

PORT LOUIS

 

Mauritius

 

87.7

78

 

79

 

ATHENS

 

Greece

 

87.6

79

 

78

 

BUENOS AIRES

 

Argentina

 

87.4

80

 

80

 

LJUBLJANA

 

Slovenia

 

87.0

80

 

85

 

DUBAI

 

United Arab Emirates

 

87.0

82

 

84

 

VILNIUS

 

Lithuania

 

86.6

83

 

81

 

SANTIAGO

 

Chile

 

86.5

83

 

81

 

TAIPEI

 

Taiwan

 

86.5

85

 

83

 

CAPE TOWN

 

South Africa

 

85.7

85

 

86

 

WARSAW

 

Poland

 

85.7

87

 

89

 

SEOUL

 

South Korea

 

85.2

88

 

92

 

ABU DHABI

 

United Arab Emirates

 

84.1

89

 

91

 

TALLINN

 

Estonia

 

83.7

90

 

87

 

JOHANNESBURG

 

South Africa

 

83.3

91

 

88

 

LIMASSOL

 

Cyprus

 

83.2

92

 

98

 

RIGA

 

Latvia

 

82.9

92

 

90

 

PANAMA CITY

 

Panama

 

82.9

94

 

94

 

MONTERREY

 

Mexico

 

82.6

95

 

94

 

TUNIS

 

Tunisia

 

82.4

96

 

94

 

VICTORIA

 

Seychelles

 

82.2

97

 

97

 

PAPEETE

 

French Polynesia

 

82.0

97

 

93

 

PORT ELIZABETH

 

South Africa

 

82.0

99

 

102

 

BRATISLAVA

 

Slovakia

 

81.7

100

 

103

 

SHANGHAI

 

China

 

81.6

101

 

99

 

JOHOR BAHARU

 

Malaysia

 

81.2

102

 

100

 

NOUMEA

 

New Caledonia

 

81.0

103

 

101

 

KAOHSIUNG

 

Taiwan

 

80.7

104

 

104

 

BRASILIA

 

Brazil

 

78.8

105

 

105

 

TEL AVIV

 

Israel

 

78.5

106

 

106

 

SAN JOSE

 

Costa Rica

 

77.8

107

 

111

 

ZAGREB

 

Croatia

 

77.6

108

 

111

 

BUCHAREST

 

Romania

 

76.9

109

 

107

 

BANGKOK

 

Thailand

 

76.8

110

 

110

 

YEOCHUN (YOSU)

 

South Korea

 

76.3

111

 

113

 

ASUNCION

 

Paraguay

 

76.1

112

 

114

 

NASSAU

 

Bahamas

 

75.9

113

 

115

 

ULSAN

 

South Korea

 

75.0

114

 

108

 

SAO PAULO

 

Brazil

 

74.6

115

 

116

 

RIO DE JANEIRO

 

Brazil

 

74.5

116

 

121

 

BEIJING

 

China

 

74.3

116

 

118

 

SOFIA

 

Bulgaria

 

74.3

118

 

117

 

QUITO

 

Ecuador

 

74.2

119

 

123

 

CASABLANCA

 

Morocco

 

73.7

120

 

122

 

LIMA

 

Peru

 

73.6

121

 

108

 

ISTANBUL

 

Turkey

 

73.4

122

 

124

 

JERUSALEM

 

Israel

 

72.5

123

 

125

 

MANAMA

 

Bahrain

 

72.3

123

 

118

 

MANILA

 

Philippines

 

72.3

125

 

127

 

GUAYAQUIL

 

Ecuador

 

72.0

126

 

129

 

MANAUS

 

Brazil

 

71.5

127

 

130

 

SANTO DOMINGO

 

Dominican Republic

 

71.4

128

 

128

 

MEXICO CITY

 

Mexico

 

71.3

129

 

126

 

AMMAN

 

Jordan

 

71.2

129

 

131

 

CAIRO

 

Egypt

 

71.2

131

 

133

 

GUANGZHOU

 

China

 

70.3

132

 

132

 

RAYONG

 

Thailand

 

69.3

133

 

134

 

KUWAIT CITY

 

Kuwait

 

69.0

134

 

135

 

BLANTYRE

 

Malawi

 

66.9

135

 

136

 

NANJING

 

China

 

66.8

136

 

120

 

COLOMBO

 

Sri Lanka

 

66.3

137

 

138

 

LUSAKA

 

Zambia

 

65.5

138

 

139

 

KINGSTON

 

Jamaica

 

65.3

139

 

137

 

LA PAZ

 

Bolivia

 

64.5

140

 

141

 

GUATEMALA CITY

 

Guatemala

 

64.3

141

 

140

 

CARACAS

 

Venezuela

 

64.1

142

 

142

 

JAKARTA

 

Indonesia

 

63.7

143

 

143

 

BOGOTA

 

Colombia

 

63.6

144

 

145

 

MEDELLIN

 

Colombia

 

63.3

145

 

147

 

SHENYANG

 

China

 

63.0

146

 

144

 

DAKAR

 

Senegal

 

62.7

147

 

158

 

BELGRADE

 

Serbia

 

62.6

148