Five non-euro area countries together with France
and Austria accounted for 79% of Germany's merchandise trade surplus of €198bn
in 2013, according to data published by Destatis, the German federal statistics
US, France, UK, Austria, Turkey, United Arab
Emirates and Switzerland accounted for surpluses of €40bn, €36bn, €33bn, €20bn,
€9bn, €9bn and €9bn respectively, totalling €156bn
according to the data [pdf].
In 2013 almost 800,000 enterprises were active in
foreign trade with about 340,000 companies exporting.
Some 6,200 foreign-owned exporting firms were
responsible for 8.3% of the value of total goods exports €1.1tn.