The recovery in the Eurozone manufacturing
sector was extended to a twelfth successive month in June. Signs that the upturn
is losing momentum were still evident, however, as growth of both output and new
orders slowed since May. Output dipped in France and Greece.
The final seasonally adjusted
Markit Eurozone Manufacturing PM
(purchasing managers' index) dipped to a seven-month low of 51.8, down from 52.2
in the prior month and below the earlier flash estimate of 51.9. The average
reading for the second quarter (52.4) was also slightly below that for the
opening quarter of the year (53.4).
National PMI readings improved in Ireland and Spain,
reaching a two-month high in the former and a seven-year record in the latter.
PMI indices fell in all of the other nations, although only France and Greece
signalled outright contractions.
June saw manufacturing production expand at the slowest
pace since September 2013. The weaker trend was most evident in France, which
saw output contract for the first time in five months and at the fastest pace
during the year-to-date. Slower production growth was meanwhile registered in
Germany (nine-month low), Italy, Ireland (both four-month
lows), the Netherlands (11-month low) and Greece (three-month low).
Underlying the slower expansion of production was a weaker
increase in new orders. Although new business inflows rose at the slowest pace
since October 2013, this nonetheless extended the current upturn in new order
volumes to 12 months.
Domestic market conditions remained generally subdued,
according to companies, while levels of new export business rose at the least
marked pace for almost a year. France posted the worst performance, with
concurrent contractions of new orders and new export business registered for the
second straight month. Moreover, the rates of contraction were the sharpest
during the year-to-date in both cases.
Austria also reported declines in both total and export
demand, while total new orders stagnated in Greece despite an increase in new
export business. Growth of new orders meanwhile slowed in Germany, Italy and the
Netherlands, but accelerated sharply in Ireland and Spain.
Markit, the London-based financial research firm, said
manufacturing employment rose for the sixth successive month in June, although
the rate of growth remained only marginal. France reported job cuts for the
third straight month, while a reduction was also registered in Greece and
staffing levels were broadly unchanged in Germany and Austria. Job creation
slowed in almost all of the remaining nations, the notable exception being Spain
– which reported the strongest increase since July 2007.
Input costs rose for the first time in five months in
June, in some cases reflecting recent oil price increases. With costs showing a
modest gain, manufacturers raised their average selling prices for the second
month in a row. However, rates of increase in purchase prices and output charges
were only modest. Supplier delivery times lengthened for the twelfth month in a
row, and to the greatest extent since June 2011.
Chris Williamson, chief economist at Markit
said: "With manufacturing growing at the slowest
rate for seven months in June, the PMI survey will raise concerns that the
Eurozone recovery is losing momentum.
"There are encouraging signs of growth gathering momentum in the region‟s
„periphery‟, especially in Spain and Ireland, and some of the slowdown in
Germany may have been due to a high number of public holidays. But the overall
picture is a reminder of just how fragile the region‟s recovery is looking.
"Employment is barely rising in the manufacturing sector as companies worry
about waning growth of new orders, which reflects very subdued demand for goods
from households and businesses.
"The slowdown will put pressure on policymakers at the ECB to do more to
prevent the recovery from stalling, and we will no doubt see more calls for
full-scale quantitative easing to be implemented."
The Eurozone Manufacturing PMI (purchasing
managers' index ) is produced by Markit and is based on original survey data
collected from a representative panel of around 3,000 manufacturing firms.
National data are included for Germany, France, Italy, Spain, the Netherlands,
Austria, the Republic of Ireland and Greece. These countries together account
for an estimated 89% of Eurozone manufacturing activity.
The final Eurozone Manufacturing PMI follows on from the flash estimate which is
released a week earlier and is typically based on approximately 85%–90% of total
PMI survey responses each month. The June 2014 flash was based on 93% of the
replies used in the final data.