An Irish general election has to be held by the spring of 2016 and following
Friday's local and European Parliament elections, the governing parties, Fine
Gael and Labour, will begin what will be a 2-year vote buying public spending
It will appear as if a feast follows a famine and as with the infamous
Irish-run Tammany Hall system in the past in New York City, there will be
some positives but we will find that little has "changed, changed utterly" in
the words of William Butler Yeats in his poem: 'Easter
The Financial Times reported in March 2009 that Ireland was planning to
introduce tough legislation to clamp down on crony capitalism and excess bank
lending in the wake of the property bubble that has hammered its leading banks,
Brian Lenihan, finance minister, told the newspaper.
“There is a problem in all small countries with too many incestuous
relationships,” the late Mr Lenihan said. “We have decided to establish a
central bank commission which will have comprehensive regulatory as well as
monitoring powers, and will have the power to direct restrictions on lending.”
Unfortunately Crony Ireland didn't die when Fianna Fáil's Galway Races tent
was dispersed to the four winds in February 2011. The promised winds of change
in that month's general election were largely ignored.
In December 2012, Niall Fitzgerald, former CEO of
Unilever, the household goods giant and one of the few Irish people to run a
told Brendan Keenan of The Irish Independent:
We must quickly put an end to any perception that corporate governance can be
compromised by personal relationships. The victims of the recession have noted
what they perceive to be a cosy cartel at the top -- the bankers, developers,
politicians, regulators and business people generally.
"We know what we're talking about here -- about a 'cute hoor,' nod-and-wink,
mutual pockets-lining approach to business transactions -- about cronyism. At
the very least, there should be more transparency...Eighty billion of public
money is being put in here. Taxpayers are entitled to know what is being done
"NAMA (National Asset Management Agency, the public toxic property loans
agency) for example, should not be a secretive organisation. It does not wash to
say information should be classified to preserve commercial confidence. At the
very least, generic descriptions of loans and assets should be disclosed. These
are exceptional circumstances, with vast amounts of money involved."
Consider this on accountability:
- Last Friday Michael Noonan, finance minister,
published proposed legislation to transfer €6.8bn into the State’s new
investment fund from the national pension reserve. The minister will appoint
the board and will have influence on the investment committee. There is no
suggestion that he plans to have overseas membership that is independent of
the domestic politico-business nexus. After-the-fact monitoring by the
Dáil's Public Accounts Committee and the Comptroller & Auditor General is
not adequate and political interference in decision making on loans to SMEs
(small and medium size firms) and other projects is inevitable;
- Has anything changed in the decade since Charlie McCreevy, then finance
minister, pulled a political stroke by announcing a decentralisation of a
large part of the public services out of Dublin and ministers got the prime
picks for their constituencies? Dr TK Whitaker,
Ireland's most renowned civil servant, said in
interview in 1987 [pdf] that he would like to see "a restoration of the
old (civil service) principle that you were independent of ministers. You
gave your views on any new proposals fearlessly, critically, honestly. You
did not care whether your views were likely to commend themselves to the
minister, whether for their own sake or politically." Today, tugging the
forelock to ministers remains the routine and it would for example be
strange if an enterprise agency chief expressed an original view on policy.
- Minister Noonan failed miserably to make a difference to the system of
limited accountability when at the behest of the bailout troika,
established a fiscal advisory council but one with neither independence from
the executive or any meaningful powers. Why would he emulate Canada and
Australia where the equivalents are appointed by parliament and are not
subject to self-serving restrictions by the executive?
So with a system that lacks accountability, ministers placing
'reliable' individuals on boards and civil servants going with the flow, who
would shout stop?
Consider this on evidence from recent months:
- This is the first time since the early 1980s that IDA Ireland "has funded and
managed the construction of an advanced property solution for the marketplace."
An advanced technology building of c. 2,674m² is to be built in Athlone and
another of c. 2,348m² will be built in Waterford. Government TDs must be
lobbying for more and why would there be an transparency on the issue? An
empty factory gives voters hope and some continuing jobs for security
staff. Reality Check: The United States
now has very few large factories: of more than 295,000 manufacturing
establishments counted by the Census Bureau in March 2011,
only 815 employed more than 1,000 workers.
The reported number increased slightly in 2011, marking the first time since
at least 1998 that the number of large plants has shown an uptick. There
were 1,504 in 1998. Who knows but an American tenant could eventually get
such a facility in Ireland at a very low rent when it's empty for sometime.
Who knows? The insiders at no monetary loss to themselves.
- NAMA is likely to be wound up before its original expiry date of 2020
and Frank Daly the chairman who is a retired civil
servant, has said he was “quite optimistic” about the agency
achieving "a surplus for the taxpayer in the end." This is as illusory as
the tax avoidance related-smoke that accounts for almost half of Ireland
annual services exports of €94bn. By the end of 2011, a total of €74bn in
loans had been transferred to NAMA by the five participating banks and
€31.8bn has been paid as consideration to the institutions, an overall
discount of 57%. - - the State injected €64bn into the banks to cover
losses. What surplus? With the international commercial property market
having recovered, what will win out: the political interest to have NAMA
wound up by 2016 or the public interest that may suggest that the rush to
get rid of its property portfolio is reckless? Ministers could also for
political purposes force
joint venture development of the Dublin Docklands, where NAMA controls many
sites, to boost construction projects. Who will act in the public interest
as again the insiders hold all the cards.
- It of course helped that Jimmy Deenihan, minister for arts, heritage and
the gaeltacht, is a former Kerry footballer, but Cork’s Páirc Uí Chaoimh
getting a gift of €30m towards the €70m cost of redeveloping the stadium as
a "centre of excellence" - - 43% of the project cost - - while only €50m
could be found for social housing. Evoking the crazy years, what is
this term "centre of excellence" - - clever isn't it to put the cart before
the horse by claiming excellence in advance. Jerry Buttimer,
the local Fine Gael TD, is happy for the time being at least,
saying: "For many years we have heard about the possibility of redeveloping
Páirc Uí Chaoimh, recently Cork City Council granted planning permission,
and now the development has been given the financial support it requires to
proceed. I am delighted that this significant capital project has received
the support that it deserves." It would of course be nice to have funds for
every deserving cause but Mr Buttimer, don't be surprised at the next
general election if some of your constituents who have been part of the
'Hidden Ireland' during this brutal recession say to you in the Cork lingua
franca: "Thank you, but now fuck off!"
- The bailout troika had allowed the Government to spend some of the
proceeds of the sale of State assets for job creation and the Páirc Uí
Chaoimh gift comes from a €200m allocation --
the taxpayer was also shafted on the sale of units of Bord Gáis.
According to The Irish Times, "Depending upon performance, taxpayers may net
a sum as low as €129m for a retail book of almost 700,000 customers, a power
plant (Whitegate) that cost €400m to build in 2010, and a near 40-year old
brand (the State is obliged to rebrand what remains of Bord Gáis). Together
with Irish Water, the old Bord Gáis infrastructure business will remain in
State hands as Ervia."
- Being "economical with the truth," the
euphemism that one of Prime
Minister Margaret Thatcher's cabinet secretaries, used in the 1980s for
lying, is common in politics and few Irish Government statements can be taken
at face value. The Central Statistics Office can issue caveats when it
publishes data but what becomes the official talking point for ministers is
what would present it in the best light.
- As for media manipulation, last week there was an official leak to political
correspondents on plans for a second State bank guarantee to enable the
issue of 95% LTV (loan-to-value) mortgages. In response to scepticism and ignoring the leak message, Michael Noonan, finance minister, qualified the planned scheme by saying it may or may not go-ahead later in
2014, depending on a study -- creating confusion again in the housing
market for potential first time buyers.
- In Ireland Government parties get public
funding while there is seldom a distinction made between public and party
business. Each minister has a communications department to burnish his or
In mid-September 2008, two weeks before the issue of the first State bank
guarantee, at a conference on Ireland's economy, hosted by the Institute of
Public Administration (IPA) in association with the Department of Finance, as a
tribute to the contribution of Dr TK Whitaker, the architect of the modern
Irish economy, on the 50th anniversary of the publication of the seminal
document, Economic Development, an international academic warned the Irish
public service that it needed to make more extensive use of international panels
of experts for filling senior appointments, awarding government contracts and on
competition policy. Prof Paul Hare of Edinburgh’s Heriot-Watt University
said that Ireland’s economic institutions were vulnerable to undesirable
Prof Hare added:
In some respects, though, Ireland’s economic institutions, especially where
they concern issues of competition policy; selection of personnel for senior
positions (eg in private business, the civil service, the universities); the
awarding of government contracts; and so on, seem inherently quite vulnerable
to, special pleading, ‘jobs for the boys’, and other such undesirable
distortions. ‘Jobs for the boys’ (and girls, too, naturally) is a widespread
practice in many countries and generally refers to the practice of securing jobs
through personal connections and the like.
“If the boys (and girls) who actually get the jobs are sufficiently deserving
and competent, then the system need not be so bad (though it is never fair). But
how does a country build up the ‘ethos’ that makes this happen and sustains it?
In a small country like Ireland, where at elite level everyone knows everyone
else, this is surely immensely difficult. To ensure both fairness and high
standards, I would therefore favour extensive use of international panels of
experts, along with a high degree of openness and transparency. To achieve this,
Ireland still has some way to go,"
Almost six years later, it would be a good thing!
It would be remiss to ignore a relevant reality
that a significant part of the electorate has in the past tolerated poor
governance and corruption with priority given to local rather than national
When Enda Kenny, taoiseach, said in a national
broadcast address in December 2011: "You are not responsible for the crisis," he
was technically correct.
However, it was wrong to imply that people who
voted for Fianna Fáil, the dominant Irish political party, in particular, in the
1997, 2002 and 2007 general elections, had no responsibility whatsoever for
It wasn't an "Act of God" that twice in a
generation the Irish economy has been brought to the brink of ruin - - as argued
here, in the area of governance, none of the traditional parties, are free from
The politicians largely reflect the culture they
Update May 22,
2014: The Government's spin machine has been
working right up to polling day and a press conference attended by
Enda Kenny, taoiseach, and 3 ministers was held in Dublin today, to
ensure that the broadcast media Thursday and the newspapers on Friday -- polling
day -- will carry positive news to influence voters, that was deliberately
scheduled for today.
We would be a great country if we could monetise
spin or more accurately bullshit.
Bertie Ahern and Mary Harney should remind us
that announcements for the media seldom match the reality.
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