| Click for the Finfacts Ireland Portal Homepage |

Finfacts Business News Centre

Home 
 
 News
 Irish
 Irish Economy
 EU Economy
 US Economy
 UK Economy
 Global Economy
 International
 Property
 Innovation
 
 Analysis/Comment
 
 Asia Economy

RSS FEED


How to use our RSS feed

Follow Finfacts on Twitter

 
Web Finfacts

See Search Box lower down this column for searches of Finfacts news pages. Where there may be the odd special character missing from an older page, it's a problem that developed when Interactive Tools upgraded to a new content management system.

Welcome

Finfacts is Ireland's leading business information site and you are in its business news section.

Links

Finfacts Homepage

Irish Share Prices

Euribor Daily Rates

Irish Economy

Global Income Per Capita

Global Cost of Living

Irish Tax - Income/Corporate

Global News

Bloomberg News

CNN Money

Cnet Tech News

Newspapers

Irish Independent

Irish Times

Irish Examiner

New York Times

Financial Times

Technology News

 

Feedback

 

Content Management by interactivetools.com.

Asia Economy Last Updated: Jul 10, 2013 - 11:45 AM


Air pollution cuts life expectancy in China's north by average of 5.5 years
By Finfacts Team
Jul 9, 2013 - 9:02 AM

Email this article
 Printer friendly page
The combined photo taken at Jingshan Park shows the scene of southern Beijing on July 02, 2013 (top) and on June 28, 2013 (bottom). A heavy rainfall and strong wind hit Beijing at the night of July 01, 2013, eliminating the haze enveloping China's capital and bringing a clear day to it on July 02. Photo: Xinhua

Air pollution cuts life expectancy in China's north by an average of 5.5 years with diseases such as lung cancer, heart disease and strokes at higher rates than elsewhere, according to a new study.

A paper [pdf] produced by Yuyu Chena, Avraham Ebensteinb, Michael Greenstone, and Hongbin Lie, respectively of Guanghua School of Management, Peking University, Beijing; Department of Economics, Hebrew University of Jerusalem; Department of Economics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology and China Data Center and Department of Economics, School of Economics and Management, Tsinghua University, Beijing, and published this week in PNAS (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America) a leading journal, the authors  report on their research on the health consequences of  "extraordinary pollution levels by exploiting a seemingly arbitrary Chinese policy that produced dramatic differences in air quality within China. During the 1950–1980 period of central planning, the Chinese government established free winter heating of homes and offices via the provision of free coal for fuel boilers as a basic right."

The researchers say the combustion of coal in boilers is associated with the release of air pollutants, and in particular emission of particulate matter that can be extremely harmful to human health. Due to budgetary limitations, however, this right was only extended to areas located in North China, which is defined by the line formed by the Huai River and Qinling Mountain range. "Even today, the long-lived heating systems continue to make indoor heating much more common in the north."

They estimate that the 500m residents of Northern China during the 1990s experienced a loss of more than 2.5bn life years owing to the Huai River policy.

Last April, The New York Times reported that outdoor air pollution contributed to 1.2m premature deaths in China in 2010, almost 40% of the global total, according to a new summary of data from a scientific study on leading causes of death worldwide.

China’s toll from pollution was the loss of 25m healthy years of life from the population.

The data on which the analysis was based was first presented in the 2010 Global Burden of Disease Study, which was published in December in The Lancet, a British medical journal. The authors separated the numbers for specific countries. The China statistics were offered at a forum in Beijing last April.

“We have been rolling out the India- and China-specific numbers, as they speak more directly to national leaders than regional numbers,” said Robert O’Keefe, the vice president of the Health Effects Institute, a research organization that is helping to present the study. The organization is partly financed by the United States Environmental Protection Agency and the global motor vehicle industry.

What the researchers called “ambient particulate matter pollution” was the fourth-leading risk factor for deaths in China in 2010, behind dietary risks, high blood pressure and smoking. Air pollution ranked seventh on the worldwide list of risk factors, contributing to 3.2 million deaths in 2010.

By comparison with China, India, which also has densely populated cities grappling with similar levels of pollution, had 620,000 premature deaths in 2010 because of outdoor air pollution, the study found. That was deemed to be the sixth most common killer in South Asia.

When conditions are correct, Asian-born pollutants can be projected into the lower-free troposphere and catch a ride on the jet stream, sometimes arriving in California in as little as 4 days. The FT's Christopher Booker reports from San Francisco on how the state is working to understand just how large the foreign contribution might be:

Check out our  subscription service, Finfacts Premium , at a low annual charge of €25.

Related Articles
Related Articles


© Copyright 2011 by Finfacts.com

Top of Page

Asia Economy
Latest Headlines
IMF defers renminbi reserve decision; Devaluations losing firepower
Japan's trade deficit widens and GDP falls despite 33% yen devaluation
China's exports slide in July; Fx reserves dip $42.5bn in month
Chinese manufacturing PMI falls for 5th straight month in July; Japan at 5-month high
China's overseas investments to surge; Ireland got €99m of €46bn invested in EU in 2000-2014
China to overtake US economy in 2026; Income per capita will be 50% of US in 2050
Manufacturing activity in China and Japan contracted in June
China's manufacturing contracted for third straight month in May; Japan in slight rise
Asia accounts for 40% of global output, two-thirds of global growth
China's exports unexpectedly fell in April 2015 after March dip
China's growth in 2015 at slowest since early 2009
China's 2015 foreign trade continues to slide
Singapore remains world’s top location for business on 50th anniversary of independence
China's manufacturing activity fell to a 11-month low in March
China in surprise rate cut to boost sagging economy
Chinese Lunar New Year: Year of the Wood Goat begins this week
China’s manufacturing shrunk in January; Regional rise except Indonesia
Profits of Chinese industrial businesses plunged in 2014
China's growth in 2014 fell to a 24-year low
Services activity in China, Japan and India in moderate rises in December
China’s manufacturing industry remains competitive despite rising wages
China revises 2013 GDP up 3.4% to 56.5% of US economy size
China's manufacturing contracts in December; Japan's grows
China's imports slide in November; Emerging markets slow
Manufacturing PMI stalled in China in November; Fell in Korea, Indonesia , grew in India
China's manufacturing output contracted in November; Japan's accelerated
Ireland not among top 67 destinations for Chinese outbound FDI in 2014
Japan fell into recession in third quarter of 2014
Services slowed in China, contracted in Japan and stagnated in India in October
Manufacturing in South Korea/ Indonesia contracted in October; India in slight rise
Two Chinese manufacturing reports show trading near stagnation levels
Bank of Japan raises money printing target; Spending and wages plunge
China's manufacturing stagnates, Japan in moderate growth
China’s economy in third quarter grew at slowest pace in five years
Chinese exports jump in September; "Sadness will return soon"
World Bank cuts growth forecasts for developing East Asia including China
Japanese business confidence slightly improves; Manufacturing sector weak
Developing Asia remains fastest-growing region in world in 2014
Chinese manufacturing PMI rose slightly in September
Japan reports 26th straight monthly trade deficit; Public debt tops ¥1,000tn