According to the 2011 Census results
published today, 80.2m inhabitants lived in Germany on 9 May 2011.
“Compared with the number of inhabitants applicable so far on the basis of
official intercensal population updates, there were about 1.5m fewer
inhabitants in Germany on the census reference date than assumed so far”, said Roderich
Egeler, head of Destatis, the federal statistics office, at a press
conference held in Berlin today
to present the results of the 2011 Census.
On 9 May 2011, about 74m (92.3%) of the approximately 80.2m
inhabitants had the German citizenship. Just under 6.2m inhabitants
(7.7%) had a foreign citizenship.
Comparing the census results with the population figures used so far on the
basis of official intercensal population updates shows a relatively small
difference (–0.6% or –428,000 people) for Germans. For foreigners, however, the
difference in the number of inhabitants was –14.9%, which is nearly 1.1m
fewer people than assumed so far.
In May 2011, there were just under 34,000 registered same-sex partnerships in
Germany, 40% of which consisting of women. A total 5,700 children lived in
families with parents living in a registered same-sex partnership, most of them
(86%) in female same-sex partnerships.
At the time of the census, about 40m people in Germany were in
employment, 53.2% men and 46.8% women. The numbers of persons in employment
obtained basically confirm the results of the 2011 microcensus. The
employment/population ratio, that is, the proportion of persons in employment
aged 15 to 74 years in the population of the same age, was 64.5%. 2.1m
people were unemployed.
At the census reference date, 35.6% of those aged over 15 years had a secondary
general school certificate, 26.9% an intermediate school or equivalent
certificate and 28.3% a higher education entrance qualification. 4.4% were in
school education at the census reference date. According to the census results,
4.7% of the population aged over 15 had no school certificate, that is 3.2m people.
In early May 2011, Destatis says a total 15m persons with a migrant background lived in
Germany; this is just under 19% of the population. In the 2011 Census, persons
with a migrant background are defined to comprise all foreigners and all Germans
who have immigrated to today’s territory of the Federal Republic of Germany
after 1955 or who have at least one parent who has immigrated after 1955.
This proportion varies strongly
between the Länder. The highest proportion in the western Länder was recorded
for Hamburg (27.5%), the lowest for Schleswig-Holstein (11.7%). In all
eastern Länder, the share of people with a migrant background was under 5%.
At reference date 9 May 2011, in Germany, there were 19.1m buildings with
residential space and 10,000 inhabited accommodations – these are, for example,
portacabins, summerhouses and permanently anchored houseboats. The total number
of dwellings was 41.3m. In buildings with residential space, excluding
residential establishments and excluding inhabited accommodations, there were
40.8m dwellings – that was 500,000 more dwellings than shown by the intercensal
updates of the stock of dwellings as used so far.
Traditionally, when compared at an
international level, Germany has been characterised by a low owner-occupier
rate, that is, the proportion of inhabited dwellings that are occupied by the
owners themselves. Although the owner-occupier rate has risen slowly but
continuously over the last few years – it stood at 45.8% at the census reference
date –, the majority of households still lived in rented dwellings.
In residential buildings, the
vacancy rate in the whole of Germany is 4.4% (excluding residential
establishments), although in eastern Germany it is higher than in the western
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