|Source: ICEO.com.cn |
China abolished its "iron rice
bowl," or the system of guaranteed work lifetime employment for most civil
servants, in government-sponsored
public institutions last year, according to a ministry report published on
Issued by the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security,
Xinhua, the official news agency of the nominally communist state, said the report
says a contract-based employment system has been expanded to cover more than 90% of positions offered in public institutions.
Meanwhile, its adds, a system of recruiting entrants openly and based on
competitive selection had been applied to public institutions nationwide by the
end of 2012.
Xinhua says the traditional system has been that individuals recruited to such jobs have usually had an "iron
rice bowl," meaning they can receive a regular salary and work at the
institutions until retirement, regardless of performance.
However, in a major reform move, China has been striving to reshape its
public institutions to improve public services.
The reform will affect more than 30m staff members in over 1.2m
public institutions across the country, according to official figures released
in August 2012.
France's public employment as ratio of workforce is
2.6 times China's level
The continued right to lifetime
public service employment in Ireland dates from 1853 when Sir Charles Trevelyan recommended it
in a report he co-authored for the British government.
Trevelyan features in the
song, 'The Fields of Athenry,' and he had been responsible during the Famine for
closing of food depots in Ireland that had been selling Indian corn. His
motivation was to prevent the Irish from becoming "habitually dependent" on the
It's ironic that Trevelyan is
the patron of insiders today who protect their own interests but are prepared to
have a dual labour market for new entrants where the concept of equal pay for
equal work is abandoned.
In Sweden in the early 1990s,
in response to a financial crisis, state guarantees of employment were ended and
all workers were given equal rights and protections.
1850's after administrative incompetence during the Crimean War, which ended in
1856, British civil servants were given guarantees of employment. It was a time
when most of the private workforce were serfs.
Two examples of how this
British Empire legacy works in Ireland despite pay and pensions premia, were
provided last year 1) The Irish Times reported that
Eamon Foley left Aer Rianta International (ARI), a unit of the Dublin Airport
Authority, in November 2011 after serving 19 years with the company, 12 of them
as director general. His generous exit package comprised a lump sum of €437,000
and a payment of €68,000 annually for 6.3 years to bridge the gap to retirement.
The DAA confirmed that Foley then began work as a paid external consultant with
ARI and served on the boards of certain subsidiaries. 2) When Dún Laoghaire
Vocational Education Committee, a State quango/agency is abolished this year,
Carol Hanney, the chief executive, who is wife of Eamon
Gilmore, tánaiste/ deputy prime minister, will move to a newly created
position for her at the Department of Education on her current pay of €117,000
The lot of
the typical SME worker who loses his or her job this week will be basic
redundancy, no occupational pension to provide some cushion against poverty in
old age and if at an age from middle age up, the prospect of never working
Why should citizens like Ms
Hanney have such special priviliges while new entrants to the public service and
workers in the private sector are treated as lesser citizens?
"Qu'ils mangent de la
brioche!" (Let hem eat cake)
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