Ireland had the highest prices for
alcohol and tobacco products in the EU in 2010 and consumer prices overall were
among the highest of the EU27 last year.
In 2010, price levels for consumer
goods and services differed widely across member countries of the European
Union. Denmark (143% of the EU27 average) had the highest price level, followed
by Finland (123%).
Price levels of 10% to 20% above the EU27 average were found
in Luxembourg and Sweden (both 120%), Ireland (118%) Belgium and France (both
112%), while Austria (107%), the Netherlands (106%), Germany and Italy (both
104%) were around 5% above the average. The United Kingdom (100%) was on the
Spain (97% of the EU27 average) and Greece (96%) were just below the average,
while Cyprus (89%), Portugal (88%) and Slovenia (84%) were between 10% and 20%
below. Price levels between 20% and 30% below the average were observed in Malta
(79%), Estonia (75%), the Czech Republic (72%) and Slovakia (71%), and levels
between 30% and 40% below in Latvia (69%), Hungary (65%), Lithuania and Poland
(both 63%). The lowest price levels were found in Bulgaria (51%) and Romania
These data come from a report published by Eurostat, the statistics office of
the European Union.
Highest price levels in Denmark and lowest in Bulgaria
Price levels for food and non-alcoholic beverages in 2010 ranged from 66% of the
EU27 average in Bulgaria to 136% of the average in Denmark. Differences in price
levels between member countries were smaller for this product group than for
total goods and services.
For alcoholic beverages and tobacco, prices were lowest in Bulgaria and Romania
(both 64% of the average) and highest in Ireland (170%). This large price
variation is mainly due to differences in taxation of these products among
Clothing is one of the groups of products showing the smallest price variation
among member countries. Bulgaria (75% of the average) was cheapest and Sweden
(126% of the average) was most expensive for clothing.
Consumer electronics is another group of products where prices differed less
among member countries, from 89% of the average in Bulgaria to 115% in Sweden.
Excluding Denmark (167% of the average), price differences among member
countries were also limited for personal transport equipment, with levels
varying from 88% of the EU27 average in Bulgaria, Estonia and Romania to 120% in
For restaurants and hotels, price variations were more significant, with price
levels ranging from 45% of the average in Bulgaria to 153% of the average in
Significant differences in consumer prices across Europe - Issue number 28/2011
(pdf) - - report