EU Municipal Waste 2009: Germany landfilled 0% of
municipal waste in 2009 while 62% of Irish municipal waste was landfilled. Also
in the EU27, 513 kg of municipal waste was generated per person in 2009. The
amount generated per person varied from 316 kg in the Czech Republic and Poland
to 833 kg in Denmark.
On average in the EU27, 504
kg of municipal waste was treated per person in 2009. Municipal waste was
treated in different ways: 38% was landfilled, 20% incinerated, 24% recycled and
This information is published by Eurostat, the statistics office of the
Germany, Spain, Italy, France and the United Kingdom all
generated around the same amount of municipal waste per person
The amount of municipal waste generated varies significantly
across member counties. Denmark, with more than 800 kg per person, had the
highest amount of waste generated in 2009, followed by Cyprus, Ireland and
Luxembourg with values between 700 and 800 kg per person, and Malta and the
Netherlands with values between 600 and 700 kg. Austria, Germany, Spain, Italy,
France and the United Kingdom all generated between 500 and 600 kg per person,
while Belgium, Portugal, Sweden, Finland, Greece, Bulgaria, Slovenia, and
Hungary were between 400 and 500 kg. Values of below 400 kg per person were
found in the Czech Republic, Poland, Latvia, Slovakia, Estonia, Lithuania and
Ireland's rate was 742 kg.
Recycling and composting represent half or more of waste
treatment in Austria, Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium and Sweden
The treatment methods differ substantially between member
counties. In 2009, the member counties with the highest share of municipal waste
landfilled were Bulgaria (100% of waste treated), Romania (99%), Malta (96%),
Lithuania (95%), and Latvia
The highest shares of incinerated
municipal waste were observed in
Sweden (49% of waste treated), Denmark (48%), the Netherlands (39%), Luxembourg
(36%), Belgium (35%), Germany and France (with 34%). In ten member counties incineration was equal to
or below 1%.
Recycling was most common in Germany (48% of waste treated), Belgium and
Sweden (both 36%), Slovenia and Denmark (both 34%), Ireland and the Netherlands
(both 32%). The member counties with the highest composting rates for municipal
waste were Austria (40%), Italy (32%), the Netherlands (28%), Spain and Belgium
(both 24%) and Luxembourg (20%).
Recycling and composting of municipal waste together
accounted for 50% of waste treated or more in Austria (70%), Germany (66%), the Netherlands (61%),
Belgium (60%) and Sweden (50%). In seven member counties less than 10% of waste
was recycled or composted.
Ireland's Green Party leader, John Gormley, as
Minister for the Environment from July 2007 to Jan 2011, was determined to
prevent an waste incinerator being built in his political constituency.
He failed to be elected in the Irish General
Election last and his legacy in the waste management area is the commissioning
of tax-funded reports.