Innovation Union Scoreboard: The EU is failing to close the innovation
performance gap with its main international competitors: the US and Japan, the
European Commission said today in its annual scoreboard study.
Ireland remains a follower rather than a leader when it comes to
innovation, according to the study.
Innovation Union Scoreboard shows that although the trends in most EU Member
States are promising despite the economic crisis, progress is not fast enough.
While the EU still maintains a clear lead over the emerging economies of India
and Russia, Brazil is making steady progress, and China is catching up rapidly.
Within the EU, Sweden is the most impressive performer followed by Denmark,
Finland and Germany. The UK, Belgium, Austria, Ireland, Luxembourg, France,
Cyprus, Slovenia and Estonia, in that order, form the next group.
are some of the main conclusions from the
2010 Innovation Union Scoreboard (IUS) published today by the European
Commission. This is the first edition under the Innovation Union initiative
and replaces the former European Innovation Scoreboard (EIS). The scoreboard
feeds into the recently published Annual Growth Survey to help member
countries identify strengths and weaknesses and to boost innovation performance
through their Europe 2020 National Reform Programmes.
"The Scoreboard shows that we need to step up our efforts in making Europe more
innovative in order to catch up with our main competitors and recover the path
of robust and sustainable growth,” Vice-President
Antonio Tajani, commissioner for Industry and Entrepreneurship said.
“This new and improved Innovation Union Scoreboard highlights the innovation
emergency in Europe. Innovation is as essential to a successful modern economy
as water is to life. It is at the core of economic policy-making and the main
way economies create jobs. So today's Scoreboard is a central plank of the
Europe 2020 Strategy. We want Member States to make full use of it to build on
their strengths and to address weaknesses," said
Commissioner Máire Geoghegan-Quinn, Commissioner for Research, Innovation and
Scoreboard draws on 25 research and innovation-related
indicators and covers the 27 EU Member States, as well as Croatia,
Serbia, Turkey, Iceland, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Norway and
Switzerland. The indicators are grouped into three main categories:
i.e. the basic building blocks which allow innovation to take place (human
resources, finance and support, open, excellent and
attractive research systems);
"Firm activities" which show how innovative Europe's firms are (firm
investments, linkages & entrepreneurship, intellectual assets); and
"Outputs" which show how this translates into benefits for the economy
as a whole (innovators, economic effects).
Comparing the indicators for the EU27, US and Japan shows that the EU27 is not
closing its performance gap with its main competitors.
largest gap appears in the "Firm activities"
category where the EU27 lags behind in terms of
public-private co-publications, business R&D expenditures, and, compared to
Japan, in PCT (Patent Cooperation Treaty) patents.
The scoreboard report says this shows that Europe's research and innovation gap
lies primarily in the private sector.
Commission says the priority should therefore be to create the regulatory and
other framework conditions that will encourage more private sector investment
and facilitate the exploitation of research results by the business sector, in
particular through a more efficient patent system; The gap is particularly large
and rapidly increasing in license and patent revenues from
scoreboard says this is an important indicator of economic dynamism. It shows
that the economic model and functioning of the internal market for protected
knowledge in the EU need to be improved. It also shows that the EU is producing
fewer high impact patents (i.e. those that generate significant income from
third countries) than the US and Japan and that it is not positioning itself
sufficiently well in high global growth sectors;
substantial gap in the number of people completing
tertiary-education is slightly decreasing, with relatively high growth in
EU27 is, however, outperforming the US in public R&D
expenditures and knowledge-intensive services exports.
Over the last five years, the strongest growth
of the EU27 innovation indicators has been in "open,
excellent and attractive research systems"
(international scientific co-publications, high-impact publications, non-EU
doctorate students) and intellectual assets
(Community trademarks, PCT patents and Community designs).
the EU27 is holding its lead over India and Russia.
However, the EU27 is losing part of its lead over Brazil and, above all, over
China, which continue to rapidly narrow their performance gap with the EU.
scoreboard places member states into the following four
Innovation leaders: Denmark, Finland, Germany, Sweden all show a performance well above that
of the EU27 average.
Innovation followers: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia,
France, Ireland, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Slovenia and the UK all show a
performance close to that of the EU27 average.
Moderate innovators: The performance of Croatia, Czech
Republic, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Malta, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia and
Spain is below that of the EU27 average.
Modest innovators: The performance of Bulgaria, Latvia, Lithuania and Romania is well below
that of the EU27 average.
performance of Innovation leaders is 20% or more above that of the EU27; of
Innovation followers it is less than 20% above but more than 10% below that of
the EU27; of Moderate innovators it is less than 10% below but more than 50%
below that of the EU27; and for Modest innovators it is below 50% that of the
the adoption of the Innovation Union Communication in October 2010, the European
Innovation Scoreboard (EIS) - a well established and recognised tool for
assessing innovation performance in EU Member States - has been reworked and
renamed the Innovation Union Scoreboard (IUS). Commissioned by the
Directorate-General for Enterprise and Industry of the European Commission, the
Innovation Union Scoreboard is prepared by the Maastricht Economic and Social
Research and Training centre on Innovation and Technology (UNU-MERIT) in
collaboration with the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission (JRC).
The scoreboard report says Ireland's relative strengths are in human
resources, and open, excellent and attractive research systems and outputs, all
of which are seen as above average. However, it shows weaknesses in a number of
areas including finance and support, linkages and entrepreneurship, intellectual
assets and innovators.
The scoreboard also says high growth is observed in Ireland for Community
trademarks, community designs and license and patent revenues from abroad. But a
dip is observed for SMEs introducing product or process innovations.