|Trinity College, Dublin. |
In a comparison of 29 European countries (the 27 EU members as well as Norway and Switzerland), the Ifo Institute at the University of Munich, provides an overview of what students must pay for a university education.
Seven German federal states have now introduced tuition fees at their universities. Varying tuition fees affect students not only at German universities but also at most universities in Europe. Report.
Of the 29 countries, tuition is charged at public universities in 18 states. No tuition at state universities applies in the four Scandinavian countries, France, Ireland, Poland, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Malta, Cyprus as well as Slovenia (only for undergraduates).
However, a tuition-free education is frequently limited to students from EU countries: Universities in Denmark, Sweden, Ireland, Slovakia, Malta and Cyprus charge tuition for students from countries outside the EU. This ranges from €1,250 a year in Malta to €36,000 p.a. in Ireland. A university study is thus tuition free only in Finland, Norway and some German federal states.
undefinedIn the 18 countries that charge a general tuition fee, they differ considerably in terms of individual regulations and the amount of tuition.
In some countries, such as Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Austria and Portugal, a uniform tuition fee is charged throughout the country. In other states, the universities can determine the amount of the fees themselves – often within prescribed boundaries.
There are also models in which the fee depends on the course of studies or the location of the university.
The amount of tuition also varies considerably: from €50 a year for some courses of study in Bulgaria up to €21,400 p.a. (£16,000) for graduate studies in England and Wales.