US Economy Dr. Peter Morici: US debt ceiling deal a prelude to ultimate default
By Professor Peter Morici
Jul 15, 2011 - 4:56 AM
President Barack Obama walks around the South Lawn of the White House with Senior Advisor Valerie Jarrett, while tourists in the background walk along the Ellipse, the National Mall, and the Jefferson Memorial, July 14, 2011.
Dr. Peter Morici: US debt ceiling deal
a prelude to ultimate default; President Obama wants a big deficit reduction
deal - - a long term solution to the nation’s unbalanced finances. Yet, what the
President and Republicans propose - - even if both could accept much of what the
other offers - - would only delay the inevitable. Like Greece, America’s
finances will grow worse and worse.
The United States is suffering from not
enough growth. At 2%, GDP is advancing at the pace of worker
productivity; hence, jobs creation is near zero, wages declining and tax
revenues lag growth in government expenses. The big budget busters - - Medicare,
Medicaid and Social Security - - will continue to far outpace GDP and tax revenues.
What comes out of budget negotiations
could buy time through 2012, but make will make the growth problem worse, not
The President has odd ideas - - for example,
targeting higher taxes for families earning more than $250,000 a year. Those
include many Schedule C small businesses, and those deriving incomes from family
owned corporations, where couples often work a combined 100 hours a week, have
much capital at risk and create many of the new jobs - - at least when not scared
into not hiring by presidential rhetoric about millionaires.
This arrow to the heart of small business
would yield perhaps $80 billion in revenue against a $1.6 trillion annual
deficit. That’s if entrepreneurs and employees with large incomes do not, as is
likely, invest and work less. Adopt that fiscal Rx, and tax revenues will be
less and budget problems greater in the future.
President Obama wants to single out oil
companies. Specifically, US businesses get credit for foreign taxes paid (not
royalties but corporate taxes paid) against their US tax liabilities—he wants
that curtailed for oil companies.
Already, foreign companies, unlike US
companies, are not taxed by their home governments on oil they produce outside
their home country. If the United States follows Mr. Obama’s prescription, even
more exploration and development abroad will move to competitors like BP and
Royal Dutch Shell. US imports from non-US owned corporations will rise, and
future US tax revenues will be smaller and budget problems worse.
Similarly, all US businesses can receive
some tax credit for domestically based production and employment. The President
wants that taken from oil companies—who are also refiners and manufactures, and
undertake considerable R&D. Follow that Rx, and future domestic production,
employment and tax revenues will be smaller and budget problems worse.
On health care, many items Republicans are
pushing merely shift costs to state governments and private insurers, who must
raise taxes or premiums—encouraging more offshore production, fewer jobs and
less tax revenues, and worsening future budget woes.
The pricing system—and signals prices give
to consumers about health care choices—and bureaucratic costs, the patent system
and torts burdens are widely out of control. Germany, Holland and the United
States have private insurance systems, though government reimbursements are
about 80% in Germany and Holland and only 55% here. Those
competitors spend 12% of GDP on health care—the United States about 19%.
Germany per capita drug costs are $400 per
year, while in the United States those are $800. That filters through to the
cost of doing business—whether through taxes or insurance premiums. No small
wonder why Germany doesn’t have nearly the problem competing in global markets
the United States does.
Little being bandied by Republican budget
cutters will fix that. Habitually Republicans say, “Who will pay for the R&D?”
More accurate to ask, “Who will pay for unproductive tweaks in drug formulas to
extend patents and big TV ad budgets to discourage use of generics?”
Neither the President nor Republicans want
to really fix Social Security.
Americans are living longer and could work
longer, but the next big thing will be to change the consumer price index used
to adjust benefits from a fixed weight formula, which is based on purchasing
patterns several years old, to a chain weighted index, which accommodates
changes in consumer behavior.
For the general population, the
former overstates inflation, and the latter is more accurate. However, for
the elderly, both measures understate inflation, because the elderly use
disproportionately more health care services. This adjustment would victimize
folks who live into their late 70s and 80s, and buys a few years time, after
which the growing burden of Social Security on the budget will be tougher to
Ever more Americans are employed in tasks
that permit folks to work until age 70. Somehow, we have gotten into our heads
work is bad for old people—it’s not. A good diet, exercise and work everyday are
the best Rx for health and happiness.
Readers tell me many blue collar workers
can’t work past 60. We can’t accommodate the entire retirement system for what
is each year a smaller share of the workforce. Instead, find physically less
stressful work for older blue collar workers.
Payroll taxes are already too high and
destroying jobs. Raising the retirement age to 70—then indexing to
longevity—would both make the system solvent and permit some permanent
reductions in payroll taxes.
Don’t expect the President to ask
Americans to eat those peas anytime soon.
Instead, Presidents and pundits will make
excuses for slow growth that doesn’t have to be. Americans will feast on budget
deficits and debt ceiling crisis after the next election, and the next, until
like Greece, the United States finds no way out but default.
US Will Come to an Agreement on Debt: Faber: Marc Faber, author and publisher of the Gloom, Boom and Doom report joined CNBC to discuss a potential US default. Bob Parker, Senior Advisor at Credit Suisse and Sarah Hewin at Standard Chartered Bank joined the discussion:
Moody's Warning Reaction:
Professor, Robert H. Smith School of Business, University of Maryland,