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Dr. Peter Morici: US trade deficit slows recovery, jobs creation
By Professor Peter Morici
Jun 9, 2011 - 1:32 AM
Dr. Peter Morici: On Thursday, the US Commerce
Department is expected to report the deficit on international trade in goods and
services was $49.0bn in April, up from $48.2bn in March. Oil and trade with
China account for virtually the entire shortfall, and are a major drag on
economic recovery and threat to President Obama’s re-election.
This trade deficit subtracts from demand for US-made goods and services, just as
a large federal budget deficit adds to it. Consequently, a rising trade deficit
slows growth and jobs creation, and limits how much the Congress and the
President may reduce the budget deficit without sinking the economic recovery.
The failures to develop domestic petroleum resources and address subsidized
Chinese imports are major barriers to creating enough jobs to pull unemployment
down to acceptable levels over the next several years.
The economy added only 54,000 jobs in May; however, 365,000 jobs must be added
each month for the next 36 months to bring unemployment down to 6%. With
federal and state governments trimming civil servants, private sector jobs
growth must be about 390,000 per month to accomplish this goal.
Americans are spending again, but too many dollars go abroad to purchase Middle
East oil and Chinese consumer goods that do not return to buy US exports. This
leaves US businesses with too little demand to justify new investments and
hiring, too many Americans jobless and wages stagnant, and state and municipal
governments with chronic budget woes.
In May, the private sector has added only 83,000 jobs, and many were in
government subsidized health care and social services. Netting those out, core
private sector jobs have increased only 57,000 in May - - that comes to 18
non-government subsidized jobs per city and county.
Early in a recovery, temporary jobs appear first, but 23 months into the
expansion, permanent, non-government subsidized jobs creation should be much
Since the recovery began in mid 2009, GDP growth has averaged 2.8%,
disappointing Administration economists who have consistently assumed 4%
growth in budget projections and forecasts for the job creating effects of
stimulus spending. And now economists are concerned that growth is slowing
further—to well below the 3% needed just to keep pace with labor force
growth and keep unemployment from rising.
Through the beginning of this year, consumer spending, business technology and
auto sales have added strongly to demand and growth, and exports have done quite
well. However, soaring oil prices and the continued push of subsidized Chinese
manufactures into US markets offset those positive trends. Now consumer
pessimism is pushing down home prices and sales again, and car sales have dipped
in recent weeks.
Administration imposed regulatory limits on conventional oil and gas development
are premised on false assumptions about the immediate potential of electric cars
and alternative energy sources, such as solar panels and windmills. In
combination, Administration energy policies are pushing up the cost of driving
and making the United States even more dependent on imported oil and indebted to
China and other overseas creditors to pay for it.
To keep Chinese products artificially inexpensive on US store shelves, Beijing
undervalues the yuan by 40%. It accomplishes this by printing yuan and
selling those for dollars and other currencies in foreign exchange markets.
Presidents Bush and Obama have sought to alter Chinese policies through
negotiations, but Beijing offers only token gestures and cultivates political
support among US multinationals producing in China and large banks seeking
additional business in China.
The United States should impose a tax on dollar-yuan conversions in an amount
equal to China’s currency market intervention divided by its exports—about 35%. That would neutralize China’s currency subsidies that steal US
factories and jobs. It is not protectionism; rather, in the face of virulent
Chinese currency manipulation and mercantilism, it’s self defense.
Professor, Robert H. Smith School of Business, University of Maryland,
College Park, MD 20742-1815,
703 549 4338 Phone
703 618 4338 Cell Phone
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